15 Jul Avoid Foreclosure: 5 Tools To Save Your Home
Chapter 13 Bankruptcy is a powerful tool for avoiding foreclosure from a number of different angles. Plus, it gives you other tools to deal with tax, support, and judgment liens on your home.
I’ve previously written about how a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy can sometimes help you enough to save your home. Or at least it can help you hold onto your home for as long as you need to. But Chapter 7 can only give limited help, sufficient only in limited circumstances. Chapter 13 Bankruptcy, on the other hand, provides you a much more powerful and flexible package to avoid foreclosure, with a range of tools for addressing just about all debt issues involving your home.
Here are five distinct and significant ways that Chapter 13 can save your home.
- Stretch out the amount of time you get for catching up on missed mortgage payments, giving you as long as five years to do so. A longer repayment period means that you can pay less each month, making it more likely that you will actually be able to catch up your payments and keep your home. Throughout this catch-up period, you are protected from foreclosure as long as you stay with the payment program, one that you propose.
- Slash your other debt obligations so that you can afford your mortgage payments. The mortgage debt-especially your first mortgage-is highly favored within a chapter 13 bankruptcy. So you are usually allowed-indeed required-to pay most of your mortgage payments in full, while being allowed to pay only as much as you have left over towards your “general unsecured” debts-those without any collateral, such as most credit cards, medical debts, and many other types of debts.
- Permanently prevent income tax liens, child and spousal support liens, and judgment liens from attaching to your home. This stops these special creditors from gaining dangerous leverage over you and your home.
- Have the time to pay debts that cannot be discharged (legally written off) in bankruptcy, all the while being protected from those creditors messing with your home. That applies when the tax, support or other lien was not filed before your chapter 13 bankruptcy is filed-the example immediately above. But this also applies if the lien is already in place, giving you the opportunity to pay the debt while under the protection of the bankruptcy laws, undercutting most of the leverage of those liens against your home. And at the end of your case, the debts are paid and those liens are gone.
- Discharge debts owed to creditors which could otherwise attack your home. For example, certain income tax debts are discharged, leaving you owing nothing. But if instead you had not filed the Chapter 13 case, or delayed doing so, a tax lien could have been recorded on that tax debt. That would have required you to pay some or all of the balance to free your home from that lien. Even most conventional debts can turn into judgment liens against your house after a lawsuit is filed. And certain judgment liens may or may not be able to be taken care of in bankruptcy. If instead you file a Chapter 13 case to prevent these liens from happening, at the end of your case the debt is gone, and no such liens ever attach to your home.
As always, be sure to consult a bankruptcy attorney regarding your specific situation.