12 Dec Ellen Smith: Get in touch with-induced improve in Papapana, SOAS University of London
This discuss titled “Get in touch with-induced improve in Papapana, a very endangered Austronesian language of Papua New Guinea” was specified by Ellen Smith (UCL) on 26 April 2016 at the Section of Linguistics, SOAS University of London.
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Languages belonging to the Northwest Solomonic (NWS) subgroup, within the Oceanic branch of the Austronesian loved ones, are spoken in Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, and in the western Solomon Islands. These languages are lexically the most ground breaking Austronesian languages, retaining the minimum range of Austronesian cognates (Blust 2000, Pawley 2009, Ross 2010). Selected languages also present atypical grammatical constructions. These ground breaking attributes are normally assumed to be the outcome of linguistic contact with the Papuan languages of the area (Lynch 1981,Pawley 2006, Ross 1988).. Even so, till Evans and Palmer’s (2011) investigation on Mono, Torau and Uruava, investigation into contact-induced improve experienced been carried out in other regions of Melanesia, but tiny was recognised about contact-induced improve in NWS.
Mono, Torau and Uruava exhibit proper-headed constructions, together with SOV clauses, postpositions, and preposed possessors these constructions vary from other NWS constructions and Evans and Palmer (2011) argue that this variation arose by means of speakers’ social contact with speakers of neighbouring Papuan languages, therefore reflecting contact-induced improve. The author’s fieldwork, carried out in 2011-2013, reveals that Mono, Torau and Uruava are not the only NWS languages to show such atypical grammatical attributes. Papapana, a very endangered language spoken in northern Bougainville, also displays proper-headed constructions together with verb-closing clause orders (1), a postposition (two), preposed possessors (three) and evidence of lexical and grammatical calquing.