26 Jul University studies and professional skills for the Integrated Water Resources Management: Spain
Social and industrial progress has been historically linked to water resources availability and management. Although water is a renewable resource, water scarcity and water resources degradation are, nowadays, worrying issues in many countries such as Spain. The implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive has not been straightforward in Spain because, while some actions have proved their usefulness, others seem to have been counterproductive. Relevant changes are taking place in Spain to achieve sustainable water resources management, both in quantity and quality. Spanish universities offer a wide range of specialized training at master and degree level related to sustainable and integrated water management from different perspectives: technical, social, environmental and energy-related. This paper presents and summarizes different studies related to water resources in Spain, according to their competencies and professional skills, in order to provide recommendations on the training of future managers in this country. According to the information gathered, a European Master of Water Resources Management is recommended as a way of summarizing and standardizing current knowledge in water disciplines in Spain.
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